Basic Betta Nutrition

Similar to every other creature on Earth, giving your Bettas the correct diet for their particular constitution will allow them to thrive and be healthy.

There are specific foods for bettas that allow them to flourish. You can order them through your local pet store, fish dealer or breeder.


Bettas are carnivores. Yes, they will eat different types of microorganisms that grow on the roots of plants in your aquarium, but they cannot sustain health on just plants. Their diet should mainly consist of worms, insects and small crustaceans.

Betta Feeding Behavior

The Betta will eat other fish that are smaller than they are and those they can swallow whole. Therefore, your Betta’s tankmates should not be small enough to eat. This species is not the type that will rip apart other fish during feeding, but it will not hesitate to exhibit this cannibalistic characteristic.


Your Betta does not need much food to survive so avoid overfeeding. Bettas will continue to eat if the food is present, so remove any uneaten food from the tank once your Betta is finished eating and/or his belly is protruding out from his body.

Your Betta will eat and eat way past the point of need, which can be dangerous to him. So do not feel badly when it seems like he is looking for more food. When you know he has had enough, you should stop feeding him.

Betta Nutrition Components

Blue black and red crowntail betta

Although protein should make up the majority of Bettas’ diets, they also need other foods such as fats, carbohydrates and roughage. Remember that most fish, unlike other animal groups, derive much of their color from the food groups they eat. So proper feeding for your Betta will also enhance its beauty and the pleasure you get from owning this pet.

Frozen vs. Fresh Food

Against popular opinion, frozen or freeze-dried foods may have more nutritional benefit than live food. The reason for this is that once the food is harvested, it is processed and shipped in that state to the dealer. When it’s live, it’s shipped and stored for long periods of time under less-than-optimal conditions. This practice greatly reduces the food’s nutritional value for your fish.

Commercial Foods

There are also many commercial foods available on the market. In the past, consumers purchased these foods solely for convenience, but today there are many companies that provide a variety that are perfectly balanced for your Betta.

Dried Foods

Lastly, dried foods can also become a part of your Betta’s health regime. Dried foods come in three forms: flakes, pellets or sticks, and wafers. Many types of dried foods on the market can give your Betta all the vitamins they need. If you decide to use pellets, you can conveniently feed your fish by purchasing them in dispenser packets. This allows you to tap out one pellet at a time, or many depending on what you need. This is ideal to prevent overfeeding as well as save money.

Caring for your Betta is not difficult, especially when it comes to feeding. Today, many pet stores and fish dealers have very convenient foodstuffs for your Betta that will keep him happy and healthy.

What foods does your betta like to eat?